Where do lemon sharks live in the early stages of their lives? What do they eat?
These are the questions that Dr. Samuel Gruber sought to answer more than 30 years ago, when he first went to Bimini Islands in the west part of The Bahamas.
Gruber and his students have been pioneers on a scientific adventure that has revealed fascinating insights into the sharks’ behavior, physiology and the evolutionary significance of the habitat loss on juvenile lemon shark populations. At any given time, the research team monitors about 20 sharks in two nursery areas. These researchers make a great team and live together for months in a specialized laboratory research only in elasmobranchs (for more information, visit: Bimini Biological Field Station – Shark Lab).
The lemon shark is the species mainly studied, but there are also other species being studied at the same time, like the Bull Shark, Tiger Shark, Nurse Shark, Caribbean Reef Shark, rays, among others.
The scientific research of the sharks behavior, survival and reproduction has paved the way for finding effective ways to conserve the species.